Core aeration is the process of removing thousands of “plugs” from your lawn. You must cut the grass frequently enough so that no more than 1/3 of the grass blade is removed in one cutting. Although not dead, these patches will take time to recover. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Make the hole in a checkerboard pattern. It can also be found in the North, but will turn brown once the weather turns cold. We take care of our grasses all the same. However, during the first year of planting, the minimum mowing height should not be less than 3 inches. Two in the spring and two in the fall. Here, in this article, we will teach you how to grow and take care of zoysia grass in the easiest way possible. Crabgrass and annual bluegrass (Poa Annua) are particularly troublesome because they can displace the Zoysia grass, stealing valuable nutrients from your lawn. Also, water the grass on a regular basis. Zoysia grass faces gardening problems such as early browning, brown crown spots, and spots, rust that hinder its growth. Zoysia grass is best planted in spring, after the final frost, as warm-season grasses come out of dormancy and enter prime growth. The following is a short list of some of the more common varieties available: Sunlight is one of the most important factor in achieving a healthy Zoysia lawn. It allows granular fertilizers to better incorporate into the soil. Additionally, our Route Managers receive ongoing continuing education on the best way to apply these products. Invasive – Zoysia grass is a very invasive grass… At least 7 hours a day of full sunlight is recommended for most varieties. … Empire zoysia thrives in slightly acidic soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 6.5. In … Weed growth: Apart from proper maintenance and growth practices, the application of pre-emergent herbicides helps to prevent the growth of weeds like clover, crabgrass, and Bermuda grass. The rule of thumb is to give your Zoysia lawn one inch of water per week. In the fall, however, you should mow your zoysia less as this encourages … Regular mowing, watering, and fertilizing as seen earlier are the best ways to prevent these problems. An application of a quality fertilizer should provide your Amazoy zoysia plugs with a "jump start" to a beautiful zoysia lawn. … Akshay loves to grow his own food through organic methods and has been able to inspire farmers in his region to adopt organic methods of farming. We can’t prevent all weeds. Water the lawn for the next 2 to 3 weeks. Turn on the water and take note of how long it takes for the can to fill. Think of dormancy as a type of hibernation. Fertilizers containing high percentages of nitrogen can “burn” or “streak” your lawn when misapplied. Whereas the cost for the sod per square foot ranges between $0.40 and $0.50. The University of Missouri recommends soil testing before fertilizing. The rule of thumb is to give your Zoysia lawn one inch of water per week. Till the soil with the help of a tiller to a depth of 6 to 8 inches. Put the plugs properly inside the holes. Good soil fertility, full sun, high rainfall, southern growing area = … To reduce this infestation, properly clean all the lawn equipment before and after use. Zoysia is a very low-maintenance grass. Also, you can plug from a healthy lawn area. Although the rate of growth of the grass is slow, under ideal conditions, it forms a thick cover over your lawn. It's dark green, and shorter and finer textured than St. Augustinegrass. Once established, these weeds can be difficult to eradicate. Zoysia grass forms a lawn that feels like a thick, prickly carpet. A dark bluish-gray appearance, footprinting, or wilted, folded, or curled leaves indicate that it is time to water. Winter care of zoysia grass begins in August with fertilization. Should you decide to do your own weed control, please read and follow all product instructions. Unlike other grass seeds, Zoysia grass needs sunlight to germinate. Supplemental application of iron will improve grass color. Mowing: Continue to mow the zoysiagrass lawn at the normal mowing height until the weather starts to cool in the fall. Remember, infrequent, deep watering is better than shallow, frequent watering. Areas that receive 1/2 inch of rain per week only need an extra 1/2 inch of water daily. Worms: When zoysia grass is infested with nematodes, they turn yellow in color and fail to grow properly. Growth of thatch: Thatch is the build-up of roots and dead leaves at the base of the grass. A dull blade tears the grass blade rather than making a clean cut. Depending on the structure and size of your yard, it can be grown from sod, seed or plug and seeds. Remove rocks, sticks, stones or any vegetation. The only thing you need to do is spend some time every week to take care of your garden. 2 Your soil test will also confirm whether your lawn needs lime or other soil amendments to restore pH balance and optimize nutrient availability. Weed Control for Emerald Zoysia An established zoysia lawn needs about an inch of water each week. Use a hatchet or sharp knife hatchet to trim the corners of the zoysia grass sods. Roll the lawn area so that the sods penetrate into the soil without forming any, Cost of Planting and Maintaining Zoysia Grass, Zoysia Grass Growth Problems and Tips to Prevent Them, Different Types and Varieties of Zoysia Grass, Hibiscus Plant: Complete Guide on Growing Hibiscus, How to Grow Sweet Potatoes in 6 Easy Steps, How to Grow and Care for Euphorbia in 3 Simple Steps, 7 Best Flowering Houseplants For Your Home In 2020, Crop Rotation – Guide (2020) | E-agrovision, Moderate ( has poor growth if shade more than 50%). Pet damage: Restrict the movement of your pets in your garden during the first year of growth. Watering: Water every day the area at least two to three times a day. Apply post-emergent herbicides only when weeds are present. Because the end of the growing season is coming soon, … When it comes to new sod, watering is the top priority. At the same time, he is trying to educate people about the environment and climate issues. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Akshay is a garden enthusiast and agriculturist and loves nature. It is best adapted to the Piedmont and Coastal Plain regions of North Carolina, but some of the more cold tolerant cultivars can be grown in the western part of the state as well. Too much fertility will result in a thatchy, unhealthy lawn and increased disease risk. Zoysiagrass (Zoysia) is a warm-season grass that spreads by rhizomes and stolons to produce a very dense, wear-resistant turf. As such, it requires plenty of sunlight. A good way to determine an inch of water is the tuna-can trick. Apply pre-emergent herbicides to control winter annual and perennial weeds like chickweed, henbit, Poa annua, crabgrass or goosegrass. While fertilization is important, so is the timing of the application. If your soil is sandy, water more frequently in smaller amounts. Basic tips for getting your Zoysia turf lawn off to a good start: Plant your sod or plugs during a cooler part of the year to avoid stressing the plants. Zoysia Grass Care. Place an empty tuna can in an irrigation or sprinkler zone. In unusually hot or dry weather, you may need to give it more water too. In the fall, however, you should mow your zoysia less as this encourages deeper root growth during the winter and helps your grass survive during dormancy. Along the selected lawn area, set the sod pieces. Therefore, install aluminum or plastic barriers nearly about 6 inches deep. Water deeply to encourage deep root systems that endure brief droughts. At least maintain a. You have entered an incorrect email address! Zoysia grass prefers soil pH between 5.8 and 7.0. The soil throughout much of the Southeast is considered acidic or low on the “pH” scale. You now know how long you need to run the irrigation to get an inch of water. We recommend three fungicide treatments per year for Zoysia lawns. Empire zoysia thrives in slightly acidic soil with a pH level between 6.0 and 6.5. Zoysia is a type of lawngrass becoming more popular in Florida lawns. You can use it either four times or nearly once every six weeks from late spring through the complete autumn. If you want your grass to breathe, you need to aerate. Zoysia grass prefers soil pH between 5.8 and 7.0. When they are cut, they multiply, helping your lawn grow thicker faster. Zoysia grows best on an inch of water per week, but the grass is drought tolerant. Generally, 15 pounds of any 8-8-8 or 10-10-10 fertilizer per 10,000 square feet should give the best results. It does however create large, unsightly patches that will continue to grow throughout the growing season. Read about How to Calculate Fertilizer Rates. Standing water is particularly harmful to your Zoysia grass since it is prone to a fungal disease called Zoysia patch which is aggravated by dampness and humidity. People often think their grass has died. Zoysia Grass offers several cultivars in various textures from very fine to medium textures. Once the grass starts growing, decrease the times you water the area per day. Do not apply fertilizer to wet turf to avoid burning. We use commercial-grade spreaders calibrated for the products we use. Irrigate the soil to a depth of 4 to 6 inches; this can be determined by probing the soil with a … Zoysia is among the turfgrass varieties that turn a straw-like color when the first frost comes. The 2nd option will almost cost you about $150-$200 higher than the former one. Aeration is the process of punching holes into the turf and sod to alleviate compaction. Weed Control for Emerald Zoysia. In order to build proper drainage, push the soil downwards from the elevated areas in the lawn. This will allow the turf to become acclimated by the time the first frost occurs.Fertilization: Do not apply nitrogen at this time. Thatch Management - In case you encounter thatch in Zoysia grass, it should be removed mechanically if you want to have unified appearance of the grass … Winter care of zoysia grass begins in August with fertilization. When to Plant: The best period for planting is from mid- to late spring. Zoysia grass should run on the acidic side, with a pH of 6.0 to 6.5. Are you interested in learning How You can Grow Zoysia Grass in the easiest and best way ever possible? This is called post-emergent weed control. For … Zoysiagrass is adapted to a variety of soils and can … Fall Mowing for Zoysiagrass Generally speaking, your zoysia will usually be maintained at a height of about.5–2 inches. How To Grow A Healthy Lawn. A zoysia grass lawn is frequently touted as the cure all for the homeowner’s lawn cares. When out of dormancy (when green and actively growing), Zoysia grass typically requires 1 inch of water per week. If your soil is compacted or characterized by … So when one of our Route Managers treat your lawn he or she will spot treat any existing weeds. Zoysia Grass Problems. Would you like to have a Step-by-Step Guide that is perfect for beginners? Terms of Use. Zoysia grass seed is available on the market but will take at least 3 weeks … Supplemental application of iron will improve grass color. Mow the grass before it grows taller than 1 1 ⁄ 2 to 2 1 ⁄ 2 inches. Before you begin following the lawn maintenance calendar, obtain a soil test. Zoysia grass is dark green lawn turf grass, fine-textured, suitable for growing during warm seasons. Once nighttime temperatures fall below 70 °F, slightly raise the mower to allow more leaf surface. After that water the complete lawn area to moisten the soil. Once established, there is little that you need to do to keep your Zoysia lawn alive and healthy. One in the spring and two in late summer and fall. Always read and follow the product label. That’s why we provide plenty of high-quality nitrogen as well as other nutrients throughout the year that your lawn needs. This product is not available without a special license. Zoysia is considered a warm-season grass. An application of a quality fertilizer should provide your Amazoy zoysia plugs with a "jump start" to a beautiful zoysia lawn. These fertilizers allow for time released feeding to prevent damaging your lawn and to constantly release nutrients between applications. Fertilize – During the growing season, you can fertilize 2-3 times per year. … Select a fertilizer that is labeled for use on Zoysia grass lawns. Zoysia grass tends to develop thick patch if it is oversupplied with water or nitrogen and hence, it is advisable to take care while watering and adding fertilizer to it. Some varieties will tolerate slightly less direct sunlight but will not achieve the density it might otherwise. Remember, Zoysia never goes completely dormant. Water infrequently but deeply to help the root system to grow deeper, allowing the grass to better handle dry conditions. Mowing: Trim your zoysia grass at least once per week after it grows nearly about 2 to 4 inches tall. Invasive – Zoysia grass is a very invasive grass. Zoysia requires water-soluble mixtures; we recommend Nutri-20, which has been … For optimal results, Zoysia grass requires a more neutral pH of at least 6.5. It’s true, this grass is less fussy than Bermuda grass, but mowing and performing regular checks are par for the course. This will help to cover the entire yard. Privacy Policy. This is a survival mechanism. The basic maintenance for Zoysia lawns will be dependant upon soil fertility, rainfall, full sun or shadier area, grown north or south. Even though the starting cost is high, all-round maintenance of the grass-grown from sod is more hassle-free and cheaper. Because constant movement can damage your garden. Also the constant movent, hole digging and urine discharge may cause further damage. Burning the layer of thatch along with the grass is a very effective method to get rid of it. If you have questions about when to fertilize your Zoysia lawn, feel free to contact us, even if you are not a customer. The basic fact about zoysia grass is that, unless it is grown in the right climate, it will cause more headaches than not. Zoysia grass is very hardy, therefore it grows back once the conditions are favorable. When ample rainfall or water returns, the Zoysia grass will resume growth, provided this occurs in the warmer months. You can get rid of thatch by power-raking by hand or even by using a spray-on, organic liquid thatch remover. Apart from these issues, there are some other problems that might need some extra care: Uncontrolled growth: Under conditions favorable for growth, zoysia may invade the space of neighboring plants and also other flower bed areas. The dense growth pattern of Zoysia grass… Along with bermuda grass, buffalo grass, centipede grass, seashore paspalum and St. Augustine, zoysia … The basic fact about zoysia grass is that, unless it is grown in the right climate, it will cause more headaches than not. If you don’t get enough rain, water your lawn. Zoysia’s dense growth can reduce the weed population but to be sure, use of a pre-emergent herbicide, recommended for use on zoysia … Please be extra careful with post-emergent weed control. How To Maintain Your Zoysia Grass: Texas Homeowner Tips It can take up to three seasons for zoysia grass to establish itself properly. This not only makes the tips appear brown, but provides an entrance way for pathogens. Should you choose to do it yourself, we recommend you choose a slow release fertilizer as well. Fertilizing zoysia grass in the spring or fall does not … The Southeast United States is blessed to have two seasons of weeds: Summer weeds and winter weeds. The University of Missouri recommends soil testing before fertilizing. Our planting … These plugs are about the size of a wine cork. Standing water is particularly harmful to your Zoysia grass since it is prone to a fungal disease called Zoysia patch which is aggravated by dampness and humidity. It drives root depth, helping your lawn better tolerate drought. The time of day you water or irrigate your lawn is important! This can increase the chances of certain diseases. But once it has done so, the grass requires a fertilizer that has a higher percentage of nitrogen and very little phosphorous and potassium. Fall Mowing for Zoysiagrass Generally speaking, your zoysia will usually be maintained at a height of about.5–2 inches. Zoysia grass is maybe quite as drought-tolerant as a Bermuda grass, but drought-tolerant nonetheless. This is necessary to keep the top two inches of the garden soil damp and moist for the first 10-12 days after planting is done. During very hot weather, Zoysia may require as much as 2 inches per week. It helps with drainage and helps prevent Zoysia patch. Evening irrigation increases the chances for fungal diseases. With the help of a plugger, remove a piece of zoysia sod. During all times of the year it is susceptible to damage from improperly applied herbicides. That’s why we provide four pre-emergent (weed prevention) application rounds per year. Zoysia requires water-soluble mixtures; we recommend Nutri-20, which has been specifically formulated for zoysia grass plugs. Fertilizer treatment with fertilizer before planting is essential to adjust the pH of your soil. Address drainage issues to alleviate standing water. A zoysia grass lawn is frequently touted as the cure all for the homeowner’s lawn cares. It is best adapted to the Piedmont and Coastal Plain regions of North … It loosens the soil providing better oxygenation. This initial mowing will remove excess dormant tissue and establish the desired mowing height for the year. With warm-season grasses, month-by-month lawn care occurs on a different timetable than cool-season northern grasses that peak during fall. Thus it affects its growth. Core aeration is an important and often overlooked cultural practice in achieving the best from your Zoysia lawn. For this reason, it is recommended that granular lime (a calcium-containing material) be spread evenly across the turf to raise the soil pH toward a more neutral or alkaline level. Similarly, one pallet of sod will cover nearly around 400-500 sq.ft area. Lime or sulfur may be added if recommended by a recent soil test. Although the density of Zoysia helps provide a natural barrier to weeds, it is by no means, “weed free”. We recommend an inch of water per week … You only have to keep an inch of grass moist afterward. Now lay it over the ground or site that you have selected for transplanting. Water your grass … 2 Your soil test will also confirm whether your lawn needs lime or other soil amendments to restore pH balance and optimize nutrient availability. This is necessary for a proper fit. Most of us are more familiar with summer weeds such as crabgrass and dandelions, but winter weeds such as annual bluegrass and henbit can be just as bothersome. In unusually hot or dry weather, you may need to give it more water too. Good soil fertility, full sun, high rainfall, southern growing area = better than average growth. However, it’s recommended to use a lawn roller over the seeds to ensure they have contact with the soil. Ideally, a single mowing should be enough to reduce the height of grass by only 1/3rd of what it was previously. Zoysia Grass Problems. Read below to learn how to properly care for your zoysia grass. Newly sodded lawns require a special type of pre-emergent that prevent weed seeds from sending up new shoots. Here are some of the main care aspects that your Zoysia grass … Also, nitrogen should never be added too late in the season. Zoysiagrass (Zoysia) is a warm-season grass that spreads by rhizomes and stolons to produce a very dense, wear-resistant turf. This will help to restrict its growth within its boundaries. … If your soil is sandy, water more frequently in smaller amounts. For many homeowners, Zoysia grass is their warm-season grass of choice. When grass has grown to at least ⅓ higher than the recommended height of 1½ to 2½ inches (i.e., grass has grown to 3 inches tall vs. a recommended height of 2 inches), begin mowing. No matter how hardy or low-maintenance Zoysia grass is, it still needs care and attention. When new lawns are being planted, most landscapers choose to use plugs or sod of pre-grown zoysia due to zoysia's slow growth. We typically do this on warm-season grasses like Bermuda and Zoysia grass in the early Fall. Also, they should be and 2 to 3 inches above the ground height surrounding your turf. However, once the grass gets established, such risks reduce considerably. When it comes to Zoysia, with a few exceptions, there is no such thing as too much sun. Zoysiagrass needs 0.5 to 1 inch of water a week. … Address drainage issues to alleviate standing water. During times of extreme drought, Zoysia grass may go dormant. This process does many things. Your Zoysia lawn should be maintained at a height between .75” and 1.5”. Dig holes that are bigger than the grass plugs. Depending on the amount of rainfall the planting area receives, adjust the amount of water you supply. May, June, and September are usually the best months to fertilize. Care and Maintenance of Zoysia Grass Watering: Water every day the area at least two to three times a day. A soil test provides key information including soil pH, potassiu… Check the pH and N-P-K content of your soil. The basic care for Zoysia lawns will be dependant upon soil fertility, rainfall, full sun or shadier area, grown north or south. Also, your county extension agent is a great resource. While this type of pre-emergent does not prevent as many types of weeds, it is very good at preventing grassy weeds and will not harm new sod. Even shaded areas behind trees or between structures that would otherwise be considered full sun can contribute to the thinning of Zoysia grass. Now, fill the edges around the holes with soil. This allows the root system of the Zoysia to get … Zoysia lawn can also provide better shade tolerance than other warm season grasses like Bermuda. Now level the soil in the lawn area. Leave nutrient-rich grass … … Zoysia grass should run on the acidic side, with a pH of 6.0 to 6.5. © 2020 Turf Masters Lawn Care, Inc. All rights reserved. Overseeding existing turf lawns with additional Zoysia seed can also be done at this time. Some of the wider blade varieties can be maintained slightly taller. Never put heavy nitrogen fertilizer applications on dormant Zoysia. In cold weather, zoysia grass becomes dormant and turns brown. Stagger the pieces of sod in the adjacent rows in order to avoid lining up of seams. At this time, the soil temperature ranges from 60° F to 70° F. The best time to transplant zoysia grass plugs and sods is from late spring to early summer. The soil should be well-drained. Always use a sharp blade. Zoysia is found mostly in and from the middle part of the U.S. and east toward the Carolinas. This thatch prevents the grass from getting enough water, oxygen, and fertilizer. Because Zoysia grass spreads by special surface roots called stolons, these stolons are often cut during the process of core aeration. These pre-emergent act by preventing weed seeds from rooting in the soil and are effective on a broad variety of weeds. One pound of zoysia seeds cost around 45 dollars. Zoysia Patch fungus does not kill the grass. It is very slow-growing—it can take more than a year to establish a lawn of zoysia grass. But be careful. Core aeration can help compacted soil. That’s the time the seeds take to germinate. Zoysia grass is a high user of nitrogen. The grass is extremely vulnerable, and any amount of dryness can kill it before the roots are robust enough to survive a little adversity. This is necessary to keep the top two inches of the garden soil damp and moist for … Therefore zoysia grass is mostly suitable only for the areas that stay sunny and warm for the complete year. Irrigation should be done early in the morning rather than in the evening. The goal is to irrigate the soil to a depth of 4-6 inches. Fertilizing:  Try adding about 1/2 to 1 pound of nitrogen-based good-quality fertilizer like Scotts Turf Builder for every 1000 square feet. One pound of seeds covers nearly 300-400 sq.ft area. While a sharp blade is important for all grass types, the turf density of Zoysia as well as its susceptibility to Zoysia patch fungus make this especially important. Confirm whether your lawn cut, they multiply, helping your lawn increased risk. 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